Funded through Mozilla’s Creative Media Awards, “Artificial Intelligence + Carnival + Creativity” aims to bring Caribbean and Black voices into the discourse about AI’s potential benefits + harms
After slavery in Trinidad was abolished in 1834, formerly enslaved Africans reinvented the Carnival as a form of resistance against oppression and a celebration of their freedom, creativity, and joy.
Now three pioneering Caribbean and Black female artists and technologists have come together to show that AI, which has become another source of oppression for historically marginalized communities, can also be harnessed to extend joy and creativity.
Funded through Mozilla’s Creative Media Awards, “Artificial Intelligence + Carnival + Creativity” celebrates Carnival while engaging Caribbean and Black communities in discourses about AI, its benefits and harms. Using Carnival as a vehicle, the project creates a space where Caribbean and Black communities can engage with, learn about, and interrogate AI to benefit themselves. The project brings together AI, architecture, digital heritage, and art to create and feature AI-generated dancing sculptures, AI-generated Blue-Devils and Jab Jabs in the Carnival, and an app for visitors to create visual art through their own body’s movement and dance.
The project was created by Dr. Vernelle A. A. Noel, a computational design scholar, architect, and artist. An Assistant Professor of Architecture at the Georgia Institute of Technology, she is originally from Trinidad and Tobago. Her collaborators are Dr. Nettrice Gaskins, an African American digital artist whose work explores Afrofuturism and techno-vernacular creativity, and Valencia James, a Barbadian performer and researcher whose work focuses on the intersection between dance, theatre, technology, and activism.
The project is launching at a time when most Carnival celebrations worldwide have been cancelled due to the pandemic. This includes carnivals in the Caribbean, as well as London’s Notting Hill Carnival and New York City’s West Indian Day Parade, which are usually held in late August and early September, respectively.
“AI systems are powerful, and we and our data are implicated in their development and applications, including targeted engagement, surveillance, and healthcare,” says Dr. Noel. “Most importantly, historically excluded groups are continually left out when it comes to the design and development of these systems.”
Dr. Noel added: “This project seeks to change that by sharing with Caribbean and Black AI diaspora about data, AI, its implications, politics, and creative applications. Caribbean communities have agency, can be part of global discourses on AI, can use their data creatively — and can be critical of how their data are collected and used.”
Caribbean communities have agency, can be part of global discourses on AI, can use their data creatively — and can be critical of how their data are collected and used.
Dr. Vernelle A. A. Noel
The project includes five separate experiences including:
- The Virtual Gallery Exhibition, where visitors can explore a digital art gallery featuring static and moving images of AI-generated dancing sculptures also known as Kings and Queens of Carnival.
- The Virtual J’ouvert experience captures the thrill of the first night of Carnival with AI-generated representations of Blue-Devils, Jab Molassies, and Jab Jabs.
- The Virtual Mas space allows visitors to “play mas” and enjoy soca music in four virtual “outdoor” sites.
- The Virtual Social Space where persons can meet and chat surrounded by AI-images.
- The Carnival Dance + Art App is a movement exploration tool that allows participants to move with interactive graphics and create visual art with dances from Black and Caribbean communities.
Mozilla’s Creative Media Awards are part of our mission to realize more trustworthy AI. The awards fuel the people and projects on the front lines of the internet health movement — from researchers in Uganda to filmmakers in the U.S.
The latest cohort of awardees are all Black artists who spotlight how AI can reinforce — or disrupt — systems of oppression. The AI systems in our everyday lives can perpetuate and amplify biases that have long existed offline: Recommendation algorithms promote racist messages. Facial recognition systems misidentify Black faces. And voice assistants like Alexa and Siri struggle to understand Black voices. As AI in consumer technology grows more sophisticated and prevalent, problems like these will grow even more complex.
Says J. Bob Alotta, Mozilla’s VP of Global Programs: “Black artistry exists within a long-standing tradition of applying rigorous artistic analysis to the most compelling issues in society. With these awards, we’re eager to continue that tradition in the realm of AI.”